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Climate Change Initiatives and Activities

Denmark was the first donor to support the Vietnamese National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change from 2009 to 2015, thus supporting Vietnam's efforts to combat global warming and improve energy efficiency.

Dyke construction in Binh Dai Commune, Bren Tre Province.

Vietnam is believed to be one of the world's most vulnerable countries to the detrimental impacts of climate change due to its long low-lying coastline and exposure to typhoons, storms, and heavy and variable rainfall. One study has estimated that sea levels may rise by 33 cm by 2050 and up to 1 meter by 2100. A 1-metre rise in sea level will affect some 11 percent of the population, impact 7 percent of the country’s agricultural land, and reduce the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by as much as 10 percent.

Important to both combat as well as adapt to global warming - CCAM Programme

The Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Programme (CCAM) seeks to contribute to Vietnam’s sustainability in economic and social development and poverty alleviation by strengthening the capacity of the country to adapt to climate changes while improving its mitigation efforts. The grant of DKK 200 million (approx. USD 40 million) from 2009 to 2015 is provided in the form of sector budget support and is aligned to national procedures and programmes. The grant is thus implemented and managed by Vietnamese government agencies. The programme has two components:

  1. The climate change adaptation component supports the implementation of the National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment at the national level and specifically in two provinces that are very vulnerable to climate change, namely Ben Tre and Quang Nam. The objective is to enhance Vietnam’s capacity and efficiency in responding to climate change in order to ensure sustainable development, protect people from its harmful consequences, prevent and reduce risks posed by climate change while joining the efforts of the international community to mitigate its impacts, and protect the global climatic system.
  2. The climate change mitigation component supports the Vietnam Energy Efficiency Programme under the Ministry of Industry and Trade. The objective is to assist the improvement of energy efficiency in Vietnamese enterprises and contribute to sustainable development as well as a low carbon economy.

A broad based effort
Beside the Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Programme mentioned above, the Danish assistance also includes business development through the Danida  Business Instruments, as well as research cooperation.

Summary of the achievements:

  • MONRE has published a report with three scenarios for rising sea levels, which are a wake-up call and a tool for the government and donors.
  • A National Climate Change Strategy for the period up to 2050 was approved which set a platform for prioritised adaptation and mitigation measures for Vietnam.
  • Twenty climate adaptation pilots were completed in Quang Nam and Ben Tre – the two Danish target provinces for climate change activities.
  • The Law on Energy Efficiency and Conservation, which makes energy inspections of large company compulsory, came into force on 1 January 2011.
  • Energy audit carried out for Pha Lai and Ninh Binh coal-fired power plants with proposed solution for improving energy performance. More than 300 energy audits carried out for large energy business consumers.
  • An energy efficiency network established nationwide with 12 Energy Efficiency Centers, 450 energy managers and 350 energy auditors.
  • Financial and technical assistance support for implementing energy saving solutions in industrial enterprises.
  • Denmark and Vietnam in 2013 signed a comprehensive partnership agreement aimed at increasing cooperation within trade and green growth. Subsequently, new partnerships were formed between the Danish Ministry of Climate and Energy and the Vietnamese Ministry of Industry and Trade, and the Ministry of Construction was established to enable sharing of Danish know-how and state of the art technology in the energy sector to Vietnamese authorities and businesses.

Here you can read more about the specific activities responding to climate change.   


Tran Hong Viet
Programme Manager